Few topics generate political fights faster than taxes as England discovered in 1773 when British colonists raided a ship in Boston harbor throwing its cargo of tea into the water to protest a tax imposed by Parliament without consulting the colonies.  "Taxation without representation is tyranny," Massachusetts lawyer James Otis Jr. is quoted as saying.  Fast forward 229 years and a populist movement has adopted the name Tea Party to protest the level of taxation and other actions of the federal government.  The U.S. Constitution gives the federal government the power to levy duties and taxes although in its early days with a small central government money was mostly needed to pay the costs left over from the Revolutionary War.  For more than 40 years in the early 1800s the national government collected no internal taxes relying instead on customs duties and the sale of public lands.  An attempt to impose a national flat-rate income tax in 1894 was ruled unconstitutional, leading eventually to the Sixteenth Amendment in 1913 allowing the direct taxation of individual income.  Proposals to simplify the tax code continue to float around Congress without effect, and debate and stalemate over extending tax cuts enacted during the administration of President George W. Bush have threatened to shut down the government.


Related Legislation

SB 681 Income tax

Definition of income tax.  Provides a definition of "income tax" for purposes of certain individual income tax credits… more »

SB 680 Neighborhood Assistance Act tax credit

Neighborhood Assistance Act Tax Credit.  Amends the definition of "impoverished people" for purposes of the Neighborhood… more »

SB 658 License tax, local

Local license tax ordinances for the severance of minerals. Requires counties and cities that imposed or are imposing local… more »

SB 642 Retail Sales and Use Tax;

Sales and use tax; lottery tickets.  Amends the definition of "retail sale" to include lottery tickets, for purposes… more »

SB 631 Motor fuels tax

Motor fuels tax; indexed. Requires that the motor fuels tax rate be indexed each year to the percentage change in the U.S.… more »

SB 620 Income tax

Tax credit for contracting with small or minority-owned, veteran-owned, or women-owned businesses. Establishes a corporate… more »
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Virginia (change)

Virginia was founded in 1607 in Jamestown. Since then, Virginia has grown and prospered into a thriving state rich with diversity from culture to climate.
Offices & Officials

Governor: Robert F. McDonnell
Lieutenant Governor: Bill Bolling
Attorney General: Ken Cuccinelli
Secretary of State: Janet Polarek