Civil Liberties

Civil liberties derive from the U.S. Constitution and particularly its first 10 amendments known as the Bill of Rights.  Those include everything from religious freedom and a free press to the right to bear arms and to vote regardless of race or gender.  The terrorist attacks on New York and Washington on Sept. 11, 2001, launched a new era of debate over civil liberties as attempts to pre-empt foreign and domestic threats expanded the powers to law enforcement to monitor communications and collect bank and other records without requiring a warrant signed by a judge.  The holding of terrorism suspects at the Guantanamo Bay military base without charges or access to speedy trials spawned its own controversy which continues.  Meanwhile court fights over state and federal laws allowing and prohibiting marriage by gay couples appear headed for the U.S. Supreme court.


Related Legislation

SB 263 Public employment

Public employment; nondiscrimination.  Prohibits discrimination in public employment based on sexual orientation. The… more »

SJ 130 United States Constitution

Ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment to the United States Constitution. more »

SJ 35 Constitutional amendment

Constitutional amendment (first resolution); restoration of civil rights.  Authorizes the General Assembly to provide… more »

SJ 25 Constitutional amendment

Constitutional amendment (first resolution); right to work.  Provides that any agreement or combination between any… more »

HJ 130 United States Constitution

State sovereignty; Tenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.  Urges Congress to honor state sovereignty under… more »

HJ 115 United States Constitution

United States Constitution; Equal Rights Amendment.  Ratifies the Equal Rights Amendment to the United States Constitution… more »
« Prev | Next »

Virginia (change)

Virginia was founded in 1607 in Jamestown. Since then, Virginia has grown and prospered into a thriving state rich with diversity from culture to climate.
Offices & Officials

Governor: Robert F. McDonnell
Lieutenant Governor: Bill Bolling
Attorney General: Ken Cuccinelli
Secretary of State: Janet Polarek